The stock market, also known as the equity market, is not a physical place, but instead the gathering of brokers, investors, and traders, who buy and sell shares of publicly-listed companies.
In order to grow and develop, companies need to invest in their businesses. Stock markets provide them with an opportunity to raise money by selling parts of their businesses as shares, also known as ‘stocks’. Just like a slice of cake, a ’share’ is exactly that. If you buy one, you own a small part of that company and become a shareholder.